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Abortion can be defined as the expulsion or removal of a fertilized egg, or an embryo, or a fetus from a pregnant woman’s womb before it can be able to sustain life outside the womb. Abortion can be categorized into two certain types, indirect abortion and direct abortion. Though in today’s society abortion is widely used by some women, it considered one of the most overbearing moral issues facing the Catholic Church.

Indirect abortions can occur unexpectedly. By this, it means that it can happen without the intention of the pregnant woman by some outside means. An indirect abortion is also known as a miscarriage. About ten to fifteen percent of pregnancies end up in a miscarriage. Almost all miscarriages occur before the third month of pregnancy, and often without the woman yet being sure if she is pregnant. The main symptoms usually involved are bleeding from the vagina, cramping of the uterus, and passage of blood clots or tissue from the vagina. Usually doctors cannot find the cause of miscarriages, but mostly half of all miscarriages occur because the fetus is abnormal or the mother sustains an injury or disorder that prevents her from carrying the pregnancy to term. There is no treatment that can prevent a miscarriage once it has started

Direct abortions are induced which means that it is brought on because either a pregnancy is unwanted or it presents a risk to the woman’s health. This type of abortion is brought about through numerous technological or chemical methods. Direct abortions are performed during the third month of pregnancy because it is the simplest and safest time for the pregnant woman. There are various types of ways to abort a fetus, but the most common operation is the Vacuum Aspiration. Though this procedure is the most common, it cannot be used after the third month of pregnancy because after the third month, abortions are more difficult and less safe for the mother to undergo.

There are several types of induced abortions. The earliest abortion that can be done is the Menstrual Extraction. This is usually done before the pregnancy test is positive. Another type is Dilation and Curettage which involves a looped shaped steel knife. The unborn child is cut to pieces and scraped from the uterine wall. The nurse then makes sure that all the parts of the baby are removed or else an infection will take place. Suction Curettage, also known as Vacuum Aspiration, is the most common method. A knife-like edge tip is attached to a suction mechanism that tears that baby apart and these parts end up in a jar. When the baby’s bones harden and can no longer be sucked apart, the method of Dilation and Extraction is used. Metal sharp teeth are used to tear the body parts of the baby in a twisting motion piece by piece. Since the head will be too big to be removed, it will probably crushed and drained. Salt Poisoning can also be used to abort a baby. A stron!

g salt solution is injected into the baby’s sac and the baby can be poisoned by swallowing it. This can also burn off the outer layer of skin. Generally, these babies are born alive and are usually left unattended to die. A Hysterotomy is somewhat like a Caesarian Section, but the umbilical cord is cut while the baby is in the womb and causing the baby to suffocate, or the baby is left in the corner to die of neglect or exposure. Finally there is the Prostaglandin Chemical Abortion. The method uses chemicals that induce violent contractions causing to push out the developing baby. The unborn baby would usually be killed by these contractions, some being decapitated or some being born alive.


David Kirkpatrick. “TV Media: Self Esteem” Fortune, 27 April 1998, 92-102.

Amy Cortese, Susan Garland, and Steve Hamm. “The Case of the Missing PC Makers”. Business Week, 21 September 1998, 38-40.